I'm very new to electronics and was hoping someone would be to shed some light on the questions I have regarding Caps.
As I understand it, the V rating on the capacitor indicates the maximum volts that can be applied to it before probable failure.
When a Cap is set up with a trigger system to dump (X) amount of stored energy [or rather dump stored energy when it reaches (X)], (X) can be set to anything less than or equal to the max voltage rating, as the max voltage rating is also the maximum the Cap can potentially store.
Is that correct..?
If so, does applying a power source less than the Cap's max voltage rating allow it to store volts until its max [eg, will a power source of 9v over enough time, allow a 16v cap to build up voltage to 16v], or only that equal to the power source?