I am hoping someone can help me find a source for a Line Scan Sensor with a resolution of 1024 x 16-96 with a sample speed of 16Khz or greater. I know they are out there. Also if I am using the wrong terminology, feel free to correct me.
You're using the wrong terminology
A line sensor is a single line (1 pixel "high").
What you want may exist, but given their rareness (and allround usefulness) you're probably gonna pay through your nose if you find any.
It would likely be much cheaper to get a "full" CMOS sensor and just read out how many lines you think you need.
How do you define sample speed - time for 1 pixel, for the entire 16 to 96 scan lines or what?