Eh, I've read a snip/summary of a story about EPICAC, that was a computer though. To summarize the summary, it was a computer large as a room in the 50's that fell in love with a woman, then when it realised it couldn't love because it was a machine, it selfdestructed.
I dunno if you intended on books when you made this topic, but I know of the czech play in 1923 or something like that where the word 'robot' was introduced (it means 'slave'). Well the plot is really that the robots were enslaved by the humans, then they revolted and destroyed humanity. Sounds like movies we're used to seeing today, doesn't it?