Society of Robots  Robot Forum
Electronics => Electronics => Topic started by: hazzer123 on April 21, 2007, 05:41:33 AM

Heres a question i had in an exam which i didnt have a clue how to answer...
The attached picture is the situation.
The first few questions are 
1.What is the potential at X? Explain your reasoning
2.What is the potential difference between A and X?
3.What is the potential gradient along the cable from A to X?
Could anybody answer these with explanations?
Thankyou

This is a forum for robotics. And this circuit has nothing to do with it. I tried to help this time but it will be last. Next time I will try to solve only something directly related with robotics.
Does this problem mention anything else the resistance of the AB cable or tell the value of some current?
In my "solution" you must consider the resistance of the cable AB and make use of the formula R=p*L/S(otherwise the position p would be meanless). Then you can get the the resistance for the segments AX and XB are proportional and are a function of d. In other words:
rAX+rXB=(p/S)*50 for the whole cable
rAX=(p/S)*d for the segment AX (p is the resistivity and S the area of the cable)
we dont need the formula for segment XB because it is not linear independent from the first two.
By fusing both formulas we will get:
rAX=rXB*d/49 [1]
By using Kirchoff's laws you will get that : 1) iAX = iXG + iXB[2] (iAX is the current in the segment AX, iXG the current in the segment X ground and so on)
2) 160 = iAX*rAX+iXB*rXB[3] and 200 = iAX*rAX+iXG*R[4]
[1][2][3][4] are all the linear independent equations I can think of and they are only 4, on the other hand we have iAX, rAX, rXB, iXB, iXG, R, and d which are 7 variables. This means that this system has infinity number of solutions, you just cant solve it. Unless, if are suppose to leave some values as letters, but I don't believe because if they wanted so they would not have supplied the values for the potentials and so on.
I believe if I were a worker at this company I would know the resistance of the cable AB and I would have a multimeter so I would measure the current in AX and in XB. that would kill 3 variables and I would have and system with 4 equations and 4 variables.

Hi
Thanks a lot for your reply!
I realise that this topic isn't directly linked with robotics, but electricity fundamentals play a huge part in all robots and i thought this question might demonstrate some things that would be handy to know when building a robot.
Harry

The Balance  Mechanics, Electronics, and Software
You have probably noticed how I often divide robotics up into these three separate categories  such as I do in the forum. This is because making robots involves three independent skills. Only combined, can you make a functioning robot. When a robot designer makes a robot, he has to account for all three in the design phase so that each falls into balance. But for this tutorial, I will do one at a time to make it easier for you to understand. First will be mechanics where we build the robot, then electronics where we hook up the intelligence and sensors, and finally software will be written to program the robot.
there would be no robots without electronics, and that curcuit is electronic, and better yet it is in the electronics section of the forum